Mongolian Calligraphy

Mongol

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The word “Calligraphy” was originated from the ancient Greece . Consequently all the cultured nations of the world have their own calligraphic traditions. The Mongols (Mongolians) are one of the authors of those traditions. The arrangement of different scripts and letters worked out and used by the Mongol race has a history of almost 2000 years. It’s quite rare to find a place in the wide steppe of Central Asia without any rock-drawings and petroglyphs with different carved paintings/figures, marks, seals, stamps, letters and scripts. The fact that the scripts system used by Mongols included transcriptions for transcribing foreign words like Tibetian, Sanscrit, Chinese, Manchurian, Russian, Turkish etc. is a real witness of the respect of Mongols towards culture and education. The Classic Mongolian script with an ancient tradition used since it’s creation until today, spread widely, firmly and regularly among the Mongol race, is one of the wonders of the spiritual culture and precious heritage of Mongolia which was created taking into consideration the sound specialties of Mongolian language.

Chinggis Khaan's stele

Chinggis Khaan’s stele /1224-1225/  

The Classic Mongolian script written from the top downwards and in clockwise turns and has a classic vertical direction which expresses the almost optimal movement of handwriting due to the theory of probability. The Chinggis Khaan’s stele (inscribed Monument) which was writing around 1224 is an ancient memento, a memory at the same time as well as a monument and a very rare subject of research and studies regarding the Mongolian Calligraphy. On the Stone Sutra Chinggis Khaan’s stele one can observe the relations of the sky and the Earth, the row supporting special principle fo letters and words and the subject of respect and admiration. The artistry peculiarity, different writing style and forms like print style, hand written, folded etc. and the kind of usage of bamboo pen and stamps were studied continuously, spreaded and developed further. In this modern time promotion of not only the calligraphy research and study but also to development of the Mongolian Calligraphy in accordance with the oriental philosophy, agitating music, beautiful poetry, art painting etc. is extremely necessary as well as the use of this special art of different consumer goods in order to make clear the national peculiar tradition.
May the golden books, Sutra and Tantras, the Mongolian classic scripts spirit of our famous ancestors transmitted and handed down through hundreds of years to the present era flourish and blossom forever like the sun of the day and the moon of the night under the power of the eternal heaven.

Chinggis Khaan's stamp

Chinggis Khaan's stamp
/Guye Khaan 1246/
 

Antiques of Mongolian Calligraphy
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The letter to then French king written in 1289 with the classic Mongolian script, the last part of the letter sent from Arguun Khaan to  the king Philip written with ancient patterns.

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The pages of this ancient sutra found in Turfan witness high cultural level of the ancient letters,  books and formal documents.

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Calligraphy of  poem “White cloud” composed and brush-written by famous author, scholar, painter and calligraphist Vanchinbal Injinash in his childhood.

The folded type of Mongolian script has circled, square and spiral patterns. Mongolian word “Ulzii” meaning “good fortune” written in folded spiral patterns.

S.Shagj,  a famed lexicographist of Mongolian language was a talented painter. He lettered ‘’the story of Green Tara” of about 6000 words on a sheet of paper with 5sm:5sm size with a different color between lines. The story would be a 12 page book if written in common format.

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A wonderful miniature has being preserved in the invaluable fund of Mongolian State Central Library. The first constitution of Mongolia printed with xylographs in folded spiral patterns of Mongolian script which included in the book “Models of Mongolian script” by scholar Ch.Bat-Ochir. Year 1932.

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Speedily brush lettering of Mongolian script by O.Jamyan, scholar and founder of the Institute of Sutras and Scriptures.

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Short-hand lettering of a  part from “Great sutra” by celebrated linguist, academician Byamba Rinchen. Mongolian script has a unique feature for shrinking and shorthand writing.

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Poem “Mongolian language” by academician Byamba Rinchen lettered by Jalair Dovdon Batbayar under the calligraphic name “Light of wisdom”      

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A page of a sutra for learning of careful brush writing of Mongolian script alphabet. Having learnt the basic patterns and careful brush writing one would l earn other patterns.

 

 

Mongolian calligraphy inscribed on UNESCO’s List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding

The Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage, holding its 8th session in Baku until 7 December, today inscribed two new elements from Mongolia and Uganda on the List of Intangible Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding.

The inscription of elements on the Urgent List helps States Parties to UNESCO’s Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage to mobilize international cooperation and assistance to ensure the transmission of this heritage with the participation of the concerned communities.

 

 

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The letters of sacred books of the great ancestors who found the art of calligraphy will flourish and blossom like the sun of the day and moon of the night under the power of eternal heaven.       

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